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Famous African Americans in History


Dr. Charles R. Drew: Black History Month Fact 19

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #19

Did you know that African American surgeon Dr. Charles R. Drew is responsible for creating, organizing and directing the first large-scale blood banking program?

Dr. Drew was also responsible for developing a new technique that helped preserve blood longer for future transfusions.

Source: Library of Congress

Dr. Charles R. Drew Black History Month Facts

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James Baldwin: Writer, Poet and Activist: Black History Month Fact 18

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #18

Did you know that famous writer, poet and activist James Baldwin was inspired at a young age by African American artist Beauford Delaney?

Beauford Delaney inspired James by showing him that African Americans can be artists.

Source: Library of Congress

James Baldwin: Writer, Poet, Activist: Black History Facts

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Marcus Garvey: Writer, Publisher, Political Leader: Black History Month Fact 17

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #17

Did you know that Marcus Garvey, a successful writer, publisher, business man and political leader, began his love of reading as a child?

Marcus' dad had a large library of books, so he took advantage by reading all he could.

Marcus' love of reading helped him become successful in writing, publishing and business.

Source: Library of Congress

 Marcus Garvey: Writer, Publisher: Black History Fact

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Sojourner Truth: Black History Month Fact 16

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #16

Did you know even though Sojourner Truth was born a slave and had no formal education, she became a historical leader in the fight against slavery and women's rights?

In 1851, Sojourner delivered her famous speech, "Ain’t I A Woman" in support for equality and women's rights.

Source: Library of Congress

Sojourner Truth Black History Fact

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President Barack Obama: Education and Civil Rights: Black History Month Fact 15

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #15

Did you know President Obama is a graduate of Harvard Law School and Columbia University?

After law school, President Obama worked as a civil rights attorney helping people protect their rights.

President Obama believes in protecting citizens’ civil rights and granting them equal opportunities.

Source: The White House

President Barack Obama: Education and Civil Rights

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President Barack Obama Before He Became President: Black History Month Fact 14

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #14

Did you know President Barack Obama, the first African American President, used to teach constitutional law at the University of Chicago?

Before he became president, President Obama also worked with churches to rebuild communities affected by job loss.

President Obama believes that people have the strength to achieve any goal by working together.

Source: The White House

President Obama Before He Became President

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Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act Dr. Martin Luther King: Black History Month Fact 13

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #13

Did you know that even after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed, Dr. Martin Luther King continued to fight for equal voting rights?

The Civil Rights Act made it illegal to treat people differently because of the color of their skin, but there were still voting laws that made it difficult for black people to vote.

Dr. King and others used non-violent protests, walks and speeches to fight against these unfair voting laws. In 1965 the Voting Rights Act was passed, which outlawed unfair voting practices. 

Dr. King’s and other protestors’ non-violent actions contributed to the passing of the Voting Rights Act. 

 

Source: Library of Congress

 

Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act Dr. Martin Luther King BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT

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1964 Nobel Peace Prize Winner Dr. Martin Luther King: Black History Month Fact 12

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #12

Did you know Dr. Martin Luther King, the most important voice in the fight for equal rights, won a Nobel Peace Prize in 1964?

Dr. King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times to stand up for injustices and inequality. 

In 1964, Dr. King was the youngest man to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

Source: Nobel Prize Web

Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 Dr. Martin Luther King

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Mathematician and Astronomer Benjamin Banneke: Black History Month Fact 11

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #11

Did you know Benjamin Banneker a mathematician, and astronomer, taught himself mathematics through textbooks he borrowed?

As an adult, Benjamin used mathematics and astronomy to predict the weather and write his own almanac, which was used by farmers.     

Benjamin’s work was so impressive that Thomas Jefferson recommended him to join the survey team that mapped out Washington, D.C.

Source: Library of Congress

Mathematician and Astronomer Benjamin Banneke: Black History Month Fact 11

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The Will of Wilma Rudolph: Black History Month Fact 10

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #10

Did you know Wilma Rudolph, the first American woman to win three Gold Track & Field medals in one Olympics didn’t walk without support-braces until she was 9 years old.

Due to a childhood illness, Wilma’s left leg was twisted, but she didn’t let that stop her. Wilma went on to play basketball in high-school, win four Olympic medals, set world records, and start the Wilma Rudolph Foundation to help young athletes.

Source: WhiteHouse Kids

The Will of Wilma Rudolph: Black History Month Fact 10

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First Lady Michelle Obama’s Careers: Black History Month Fact #9

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #9

Did you know while working as a lawyer First Lady Michelle Obama decided to switch careers, because she wanted a job where she could help people make their community and neighborhoods better?

After her law career, First Lady Obama worked at the University of Chicago where she developed the university’s first community service program and helped increase volunteerism.

Source: WhiteHouse.Gov

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First Lady Michelle Obama’s Education: Black History Month Fact #8

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #8

Did you know First Lady Michelle Obama is not only the wife of President Obama, and the mother of Malia and Sasha, she’s also a Harvard Law School graduate?  

Before obtaining her law degree from Harvard, the First Lady attended Princeton University, where she received degrees in sociology and African-American studies.  

Source: WhiteHouse.Gov and America.Gov

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The Many Roles of Harriet Tubman: Black History Month Fact #7

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #7

Did you know even though Harriet Tubman was born a slave, she grew up to accomplish extraordinary things? 

Harriet lead hundreds of slaves to freedom in the North, became a leader in the movement against slavery and a spy for the Union Army during the Civil War.  

In addition to these accomplishments, Harriet Tubman also saved lives as a nurse during the Civil War.

Source: The Library Of Congress

Black History Month Fact

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Frederick Douglass Supported the Women’s Movement: Black History Month Fact #6

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #6

Did you know Frederick Douglass was not only a contributor to the abolishment of slavery, but also supported the women's rights movement?

Douglass believed that women should have the same rights as men, such as voting and holding positions in government.

Source: National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior

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Frederick Douglas: Black History Month Fact #5

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #5

Did you know even though Frederick Douglass was born a slave he went on to write books about his life, became a major contributor to end slavery, and an advisor for President Abraham Lincoln?

In 1863, during the Civil War, Frederick Douglas advised President Lincoln on the proper treatment of black soldiers.

Source: Library of Congress

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Dr. Patricia E. Bath Doctor & Inventor: Black History Month Fact #4

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #4

Did you know Dr. Patricia E. Bath, an African American doctor and inventor, invented the Laserphaco Probe that helps treat cataracts, a common cause of blindness?

Dr. Bath is also the co-founder of the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness, which has the goal of preventing blindness and restoring eyesight worldwide.

Source: United States National Library of Medicine

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Dr. Carter G. Woodson: Black History Month Fact #3

BLACK HISTORY MONTH FACT #3

Did you know Dr. Carter G. Woodson, the main founder of Black History Month, didn’t start school until he was 19 years old?

Dr. Woodson wasn’t able to afford school so he taught himself his ABCs and math. He also worked in the coalmines until he had enough money to go to school.

At a young age, Dr. Woodson understood he would need a formal education to achieve his dreams. That’s why he did everything possible to receive an education.

Source: America.gov Archive
http://www.america.gov

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